According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, diabetes affects approximately 30 million people nationwide. It is a chronic disease in which blood glucose (sugar) levels are above normal.
In general, people with diabetes have problems converting food to energy. There are two types of diabetes, Type 1 and Type 2. Type 1 diabetes, formally called juvenile diabetes, is a disease of the immune system, the body’s system for fighting infection. With this type of diabetes the insulin-producing cells (beta cells) are attacked by the immune system preventing the pancreas from being able to produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease and is common in adults, but can occur at any age.